Q & A
We know that lack of education is the primary cause of discomfort in practitioners recommending cannabinoid therapy. Our mission is to educate healthcare professionals on the fundamental science underlying the pharmacologic and therapeutic options associated with cannabinoids inpatient care and provide clinical insights on the use of cannabinoids and other botanical constituents.
What is CBD? What is CBD Oil?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally-occurring constituent of industrial hemp/cannabis. Its formula is C21H30O2 and it has a molecular mass of 314.4636. It is the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis and is being scientifically investigated for various reasons.
CBD oil is a cannabis oil (whether derived from marijuana or industrial hemp, as the word cannabis is the Latin genus name for both) that has significant amounts of cannabidiol (CBD) contained within it. The legal requirement is formulations/products must be under .3 THC to be legal in the United States. Many other countries around the world use the same requirements with minor variations in acceptable THC content.
Our CBD products and extracts are derived from industrial hemp, so they could be considered CBD- rich hemp oil, hemp-derived CBD oil, CBD-rich cannabis oil, or plainly “hemp extracts” since they typically contain much more than just CBD. Again, cannabis doesn’t mean marijuana but is the genus name and general umbrella term which all forms of marijuana and hemp fall under. The form of cannabis we use for our CBD and hemp extracts is industrial hemp; we do not sell marijuana or products derived from whole-plant extractions.
Are your products legal?
On December 20, 2018, President Donald J. Trump signed into law the 2018 Agricultural Improvement Act, otherwise known as the 2018 farm bill. This act contained language specifically inserted by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (KY) that completely legalized industrial hemp and ended nearly 80 years of prohibition on the plant. Hemp is now completely exempt from the definition of the controlled substance act (CSA).
Furthermore, the 2018 farm bill clarified the definition of hemp — often limited to fiber and seed — to include the entire plant, specifically the floral parts and cannabinoids derived from it. This put into motion the legal framework for the already burgeoning marketplace for hemp and CBD extracts.
The 2018 farm bill also opened up the ability for tribal lands to grow hemp and made provisions for USDA crop insurance and grants.
What’s the difference between Hemp and Marijuana?
Scientifically, industrial Hemp and Marijuana are the same plants, with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa. They have a drastically different genetic profile though. Industrial Hemp is always a strain of Cannabis sativa, while marijuana can be Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, or Cannabis Ruderalis. The major difference is how industrial hemp has been bred compared to a marijuana form of Cannabis sativa.
Typically speaking, industrial hemp is very fibrous, with long strong stalks, and barely has any flowering buds, while a marijuana strain of Cannabis sativa will be smaller, bushier, and full of flowering buds. However, newer industrial hemp varieties in the USA are being bred but have underperformed in quality and efficacy compared to its EU counterpart. Nearly all of our extracted materials come from the EU where generational farmers have been working with hemp for decades and the soil and climate are impeccable.
99% of the time marijuana has a high amount of THC and only a very low amount of CBD. Hemp on the other hand naturally has a very high amount of CBD in most instances and only a trace amount of THC. Fortunately, the cannabinoid profile of hemp is ideal for people looking for benefits from cannabis without the “high.” Hemp is used for making herbal supplements, food, fiber, rope, paper, bricks, oil, natural plastic, and so much more, whereas marijuana is usually used just recreationally, spiritually, and medicinally. The term cannabis oil can refer to either marijuana or hemp-derived oil since marijuana and hemp are two different forms of cannabis.
In the USA the legal definition of “industrial hemp,” per Section 7606 of the Agricultural Appropriations Act of 2014, is “INDUSTRIAL HEMP — The term ‘‘industrial hemp’’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”
Are hemp derived cannabinoids such as CBD as good as CBD from marijuana?
The short answer is yes. CBD is CBD, whether from marijuana or hemp. Most marijuana has a very low non-psychoactive cannabinoid profile (like CBD, CBC, CBG), so most of the time hemp would be much more preferable for anything besides THC. Marijuana is usually very high in THC (gives people the high) but usually very low in other non-psychoactive cannabinoids.
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are the chemicals that give the cannabis plant its medical and recreational properties. Among the 113 cannabinoids produced, THC and CBD are the most prevalent and the most well-understood. Most strains of marijuana sold today are cultivated with higher levels of THC.
THC is known for its psychoactive properties and is the reason you feel “high” after ingesting marijuana.
CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and actually works to counteract the high. CBD also has numerous benefits, such as anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.
Whether produced by the body or in a plant, these naturally-occurring compounds all interact with the endocannabinoid system.
What’s the percentage of cannabinoids and CBD in your product?
Our raw extracts have varying percentages of cannabinoid and cannabidiol (CBD) content, the range being 10%-99%. Each product has a unique formulation and uses varying ratios of our extract types. Our CBD Isolate is over 99% pure CBD and our water-soluble products have been nano-sized for maximum absorption.
What is the best method of use?
Everyone has a preference on how they take a dietary supplement, we have created a complete line of products, each with a different delivery method. We offer capsules, sublingual tinctures, transdermal and localized pain-management patches, a topical salve, Airless Metered Pens and several other products coming out of development. For our sublingual dietary supplements, if you don’t like the flavor, you can mix with something sweet like apple sauce or honey to cut through the flavor. Formulations and delivery methods are driven by which ailment/condition is being addressed.
What’s the ideal serving size for me, and how often should I take it?
There is no easy answer to this. Our starting recommended serving size is listed on each of our products, but we generally recommend experimenting to see what feels best to you. It is wise to start and titrate slowly based on the severity of ailment/condition and desired effects. There has not been a lethal dose of CBD yet to be discovered. Lab rats were given 1000x the human dose and were still able to traverse mazes with no significant side effects. The condition of an individual’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS) largely determines the realized benefits. It is suggested that individuals commit to a 90-day CBD regimen to allow the ECS to stabilize and bring the body back into homeostasis (balance).
What is the safety of your hemp extracts? Are there negative side effects?
Hemp is considered by many to be generally safe. We’ve never seen or heard of any significant or negative side effects in our years in the industry. That said, we can’t rule them out. Please consult with your physician before using any dietary supplement including hemp extract supplements.
Why do people use Hemp Extracts and CBD? What are the benefits and uses of CBD?
In accordance with federal regulations, we cannot make health claims regarding our dietary supplement products. We can only recommend our products for general wellness.
Is a standard hemp seed oil the same as a high-CBD hemp extract?
Definitely not. Standard hemp oil, which can be found very cheaply at a grocery store, is a much different product than our full spectrum hemp extracts (not from seed). Standard hemp oil is produced by cold pressing the seeds, whereas our hemp extract is a full-plant extraction with many components not typically found in the seeds. Hemp seed oil is considered to be a great nutritive food, but it doesn’t have the naturally occurring terpenes, cannabinoids and other components that our extracts do have.
Is your Hemp Extract Oil similar to Rick Simpson Hemp Oil?
Not quite. Ours are from hemp and RSHO is usually using marijuana, a different form of cannabis than industrial hemp. Our industrial hemp extracts are more standardized and will usually have a much higher content of non-psychoactive cannabinoids like CBD than one produced through the Rick Simpson method. Oils produced through his method will usually have a much higher THC content, as it’s typically marijuana that is used for RSHO.†
Generally speaking, most marijuana producers and sellers (especially on the black market) don’t test for contaminants (metals, pesticides, bacteria, etc.). Rick Simpson Hemp Oil is actually more a method of extraction than it is a specific product. People use the Rick Simpson method with hundreds of different strains of marijuana, so the THC, CBD and other cannabinoid content of the final oil are always varying greatly, depending on the cannabis the consumers are acquiring. Usually what’s used for Rick Simpson oil is a strain with an inferior CBD content (and high THC) because that’s what the vast amount of marijuana is nowadays.
Where do you source your hemp and CBD from?
All of our hemp is organically grown and processed in choice locations of Northern Europe and North America, before being sent to the U.S. and other countries.
What type of extraction method do you employ?
We use a Co2 (Super Critical) extraction process to extract our hemp. It is a clean and safe method that allows for optimal retention of terpenes and other sensitive compounds and comply with environmental safety standards. Additionally, we use a hydrocarbon extraction process to maintain cannabinoid integrity from degradation and protects maximum bioavailability measures at the point of extraction.
What kind of testing/analysis is performed on your products?
We have an industry-leading quality control system, and we have third party laboratories analyze all of our hemp extracts and our final products for cannabinoid potency, heavy metals, bacterial and microbial life, mycotoxins (fungus) and pesticides.
What is the endocannabinoid system (ECS)?
“The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors located in the mammalian brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems, consisting of neuromodulatory lipids and their receptors.” Wikipedia
There are two main types of receptors in the ECS, CB1, and CB2. CB1 receptors are primarily located in the central nervous system and brains of mammals, and CB2 are generally found in the peripheral nervous system. There are two main cannabinoids mammals produce- 2AG and Anandamide (named after the Sanskrit term “Ananda” which translates to “bliss”).
For hundreds of millions of years, every vertebrate on Earth has been equipped with this eCS, a crucial system in the body, and it has been known about in the scientific and medical communities since the 1980s. However, it’s still not taught in most medical schools.
If a hemp extract is 25% cannabinoids, what’s the other 75%?
Our EU hemp extracts contain over 80 different phytocannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD), CBC, CBG, CBN, etc. In addition to the cannabinoids naturally present in our agricultural hemp extracts, there are also many other types of natural molecules and phytochemical compounds such as amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins (including B1, B2, B6, D), fatty acids (including omega 3 & 6), trace minerals (including iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, potassium), beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavonoids, ketones, nitrogenous compounds, alkanes, glycosides, pigments, water, and terpenes.
The most common terpenes in our hemp extracts are Myrcene, Beta-caryophyllene, Terpinolene, Linalool, alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Nerolidol of Phytol, trans-alpha-Bergamotene, Limonene/ beta-Phellandrene (Co-elution), and alpha-Humulene.
Forms of CBD Hemp Oil
HMB™ Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil is in its most natural form, pressed directly from the mature stalk of the plant. This process is similar to that of juicing fruit. In this form, the CBD Hemp Oil contains unique properties to Global Health Brands other forms of Premium Hemp Oil because it contains carboxylic acid, known as CBDa.
HMB™ Premium Decarboxylated Hemp Oil
After the hemp plant is pressed, the hemp oil is extracted through a CO2 supercritical process and is decarboxylated. This process turns the acidic cannabinoids into active cannabinoids while maintaining its natural form. At this stage, the hemp oil still contains waxes, lipids, chlorophylls, terpenes, and natural plant material.
HMB™ Premium Filtered Hemp Oil
After the hemp oil is decarboxylated, there is a final filtering process. This final filtering process allows for more waxes and plant materials to be removed, yielding the highest CBD levels of the three forms of hemp oil.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF HEMP
3,000 BC: Hemp grown in Egypt, China, and Turkey
1700’s: Founding Fathers grow hemp as a main crop of U.S.
1812: America goes to war over free trade access to Russian hemp
1850: U.S. Pharmacopeia (Industry standards are founded)
1937: Marijuana Tax Act (Hemp Taxed)
1940: CBD discovered by Roger Adams
1942: Hemp For Victory (Government encourages farmers to grow hemp for the war effort)
1946: First CBD studies on animals – Dr. Walter S. Loewe
1957: Last hemp crop
1964: THC and CBD isolated – Dr. Raphael Mechoulam
1970: Controlled Substance Act
1992: Discovery of the Endocannabinoid System
2003: U.S. Patent #6,630,507
2004: DEA v.s. H/A. DEA loses battle on CBD
2018: Hemp Mind & Body founded